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Raspberry pi – First Login, Starting the Gui and installing applications

First Login

Once you have inserted your SD card into your raspberry pi and turned it on via the power switch for the transformer (No power button on a raspberry pi) the boot up screen should appear.

If you have set up your SD card correctly you should see a  raspberry pi logo in the top right hand corner and logs of white writing (System boot information) once done you have a login prompt.

The username and password for “squeeze” raspberry pi is

Username – Pi

Password – raspberry

You will now be asked to set the time as the raspberry pi does not come with an on board real-time clock

You are now in the Debian Command Line and can now start playing with your raspberry pi

Starting the Gui

If you want the raspberry pi GUI then type the following command in the Debian command line


The screen will now go black and then the raspberry pi logo will appear on the screen.

Installing applications

In the GUI left click in the bottom left hand corner on the blue cross to display the options menu (Like the start button in windows)

Go up to “other” and then scroll down the list until you get to “terminal” and left click

You should now see the “terminal” window which is just like a cmd box in windows

The first thing we have to do is update the system with the following command

sudo apt-get update

(we use sudo command for “run as admin” as the standard account is not a admin)

This will update the repository on the raspberry pi with locations of software and general software updates.

To search for software by name type the following command

sudo apt-cache search

Example (sudo apt-cache search chromium)

To install software by name

Sudo apt-get install

Example (sudo apt-get install chromium)

To uninstall software

Sudo apt-get remove

Example (sudo apt-get remove chromium)

  1. steve
    December 3, 2012 at 6:26 pm

    switch on my Raspberry and logged in, Start x wont get me a GUI as its an unrecognised command. The sudo software updates works!!! can anyone help please?

    • ed
      December 5, 2012 at 4:30 pm

      Try “startx” instead of “Start x” (all lower case, no space and no quotes). I don’t own a Pi yet but hope it helps

  2. Simon
    August 1, 2013 at 8:30 am

    If the default screen layout i too small for the menu bar to be displayed, is there a keyboard alternative command?

  3. M4RCJO
    October 14, 2013 at 6:18 pm

    “sudo startx” starts the GUI (Grafic User Interface) as Admin … you have full access to all drives an directories

  4. Nuke
    February 20, 2014 at 9:39 am

    M4RCJO wrote :- ‘“sudo startx” starts the GUI as Admin … you have full access to all drives an directories’
    … and goes against good practice. You should only log in as Admin to do admin tasks, which are generally done better in command line (CLI) mode anyway. And in CLI mode you are less likely to forget you are in Admin mode. There are some GUI apps that require Admin rights, like the Synaptic package manager, but they will ask for the Admin password when you start them and return you to ordinary user mode when you close them.
    Operating a PC in Admin mode all the time, which is what you seen to be suggesting, was an early DOS/Windows practice that started before the days of malware and is now deprecated even by Microsoft.

  1. March 26, 2013 at 4:50 pm

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